July 26, 2018

Culture of the Bronze Age

Since the Bronze Age, vivid images of animals almost disappear. Everywhere there are dry geometric patterns. For example, the profiles of mountain goats carved on the cliffs of the mountains of Azerbaijan, Dagestan, Central and Central Asia. People spend less effort on creating petroglyphs, hastily scratching small figures on the stone. And although here and there drawings are being beaten even today, ancient art will never be reborn. It has exhausted its possibilities. All his highest achievements in the past.

Culture of the population of the North Caucasus in the III millennium BC. E., in the era of early bronze, was named Maikop on the famous monument, its representative, – Maikop burial mound. Maikop culture was spread from the Taman Peninsula in the north-west to Dagestan in the southeast.

The last stage in the development of the Bronze Age tribes in the North-Western Caucasus is characterized by the existence of a large focus of metallurgy and metalworking. Copper ore was mined, copper was smelted, production of finished products from alloys (bronze) was established.

At the end of this period, along with bronze objects, iron begins to appear, which marks the beginning of a new period.

The development of the productive forces leads to the fact that part of the shepherds’ tribes passes to nomadic cattle breeding. Other tribes, continuing to lead a settled way of life on the basis of agriculture, move to a higher stage of development – plow farming. At this time, there are social shifts within the tribes.

In the late period of the primitive society, art crafts developed: articles of bronze, gold, and silver were made.

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